Definitive Guide to DeFi Yield Farming for Beginners
Definitive Guide to DeFi Yield Farming for Beginners

Definitive Guide to DeFi Yield Farming for Beginners

In all industries, the evolution process is inevitable. The world observes how the crypto space has reshaped all facets of economic development in light of the widespread interest surrounding emerging trends. DeFi technology represents one of the most innovative developments in blockchain. It has fostered innovation and adaptability in the financial sector compared to conventional finance. Yield farming is one of these emerging trends in the crypto world that has captured the interest of many cryptocurrency enthusiasts. While researching specific cryptocurrency investments and attempting to generate a significant profit, DeFi yield farming is the superior option.

According to credible sources, DeFi is currently holding 1,9 billion dollars. By introducing a new yield-generating pasture, COMP’s governance coin primarily encourages cryptocurrency owners to add more value to their work in DeFi applications.

What Is Yield Farming? Detailed Explanation

Yield farming utilizes decentralized finance (DeFi) to maximize returns. Users can borrow or earn cryptocurrency on a DeFi platform in exchange for their services.

Yield farmers can employ complex strategies to increase their yield. For example, yield farmers can continuously transfer their cryptocurrencies between various loan platforms to maximize their profits.

Quick Facts:

  • Token holders can maximize their rewards on multiple DeFi platforms through yield farming.
  • In exchange for cryptocurrency rewards, yield farmers provide liquidity for diverse token pairs.
  • The farming protocols Aave, Curve Finance, and Uniswap are among the most effective.
  • Yield farming can be risky due to price volatility, rug pulls, clever contract hacking, and other factors.

Also Read: Unlock The Benefits Of Yield Farming App: Launch Your Own DeFi App

How does Yield Agriculture Work?

Yield farming enables investors to generate yield by placing coins or tokens in a decentralized application (dApp). dApps consist of crypto wallets, DEXs, decentralized social media platforms, and other applications.

Typically, yield farmers use DEXs to lend, borrow, or stake coins to earn interest and speculate on price fluctuations. Smart contracts, computer programs that automate financial agreements between two or more parties, facilitate yield farming across DeFi.

While working in this industry, you may encounter the following terms:

Liquidity: The ease with which a digital asset can be converted into fiat currency without affecting its market price is its liquidity.

Liquidity Pool: The Liquidity Pool of a Yield Farming Smart Contract is a collection of funds locked in a smart contract. They are designed to facilitate decentralized lending and commerce.

Liquidity Provider (also referred to as a market maker): A liquidity provider (also known as a market maker) is an individual or organization that quotes the buy and sell price of a tradable asset to profit from the bid-ask spread or turn.

Automated Market Maker: Automated market makers are models that enable the trading of assets without permission by utilizing liquidity pools instead of traditional market approaches. It is closely related to farming yield automation.

Now that we understand the basics let’s examine the big picture.

Stage 1: In the initial phase, smart contracts function as liquidity pools. Providers deposit their funds there. Stablecoins, a brand-new category of cryptocurrencies that aims to provide stable prices and is backed by a reserve asset, are locked by these contracts, becoming accessible only under certain restrictions and yield farming platforms.

Stage 2: In the second phase, yield farming coins can be traded, lent, and borrowed. Participants pay specific fees. Market makers receive a return proportional to the amount of capital invested.

Stage 3: Market makers are rewarded in Stage 3 for their willingness to lock up funds in the pool. The rewards that users receive are determined by protocol and deposit.

Stage 4: Providers reinvest and reallocate their rewards to increase their returns in the fourth stage. They continue to keep coins in liquidity pools. This is how liquidity providers diversify their investment portfolios and raise capital. Profits can be maximized by selecting effective strategies.

Also Read: DeFi Ecosystem | Importance Of DeFi Ecosystem In The Cryptocurrency Economy

Types of Productive Agriculture:

Liquidity Provider: Users who deposit two coins to a DEX to provide liquidity for trading. The fee exchanges charge to swap two tokens, which they then pay liquidity providers. Occasionally, this fee is payable in new liquidity pool (LP) tokens.

Lending: Through a smart contract, holders of coins or tokens can lend cryptocurrency to borrowers and earn interest.

Borrowing: Farmers can use one token as collateral and receive another token as a loan when they borrow. The borrowed coins can then be used to cultivate yield. Thus, the farmer retains their initial holding, which may increase in value over time, while earning interest on their borrowed coins.

Staking: There are two different types of staking in the DeFi universe. On proof-of-stake blockchains, users are compensated with interest for providing security by pledging their tokens. The second step is to stake LP tokens acquired by providing liquidity to a decentralized exchange. Users are compensated with LP tokens for providing liquidity, which they can then stake to generate additional yield.

What Features of DeFi Make it More Appropriate for Yield Farming?

Unlike the traditional financial system, which operates on a centralized infrastructure governed by central authorities and intermediaries, DeFi is powered by code that runs on the blockchain’s decentralized infrastructure. The immutable smart contracts facilitate the launch and utilization of programmable financial protocols and platforms by Defi smart contract development providers.

Due to the decentralization of finance, yield farming emerged as a concept. Because DeFi is decentralized, no centralized entities provide seed capital. Therefore, lenders and liquidity providers supply DeFi platforms with all cryptocurrencies. These DeFi platforms are software-based financial intermediaries facilitating financial transactions for a fee.

DeFi employs the significant properties of blockchain to liberate liquidity, enhance financial security, and support conventional economic systems. The essential characteristics of DeFi that make it suitable for yield agriculture are listed below.


Since blockchain technology is the foundation of DeFi, all data is immutable. The tamper-resistant data enhances the safety and auditability of financial transactions.


Highly programmable smart contracts automate the execution and creation of digital assets.


Combining and integrating are essential components of DeFi protocols and applications. DeFi enables developers to extend existing protocols, modify interfaces, and integrate third-party applications. Therefore, DeFi protocols are also known as “money legos.”


DeFi is based on the blockchain; all transactions, data, and codes are highly transparent. This level of openness and integrity surrounding transaction data inspires trust and makes network activity accessible to all users. The source code for DeFi protocols is publicly viewable, understandable, and auditable.


DeFi enables open and unrestricted access. DeFi applications are available to anyone with a crypto wallet, regardless of location or required funds.


Participants in the DeFi market can maintain custody and control over their assets and data. They can interact with permissionless financial applications and protocols through web 3 wallets such as Metamask.

Also Read: How Are NFTs Changing The DeFi Industry? NFT In Decentralised Finance

How are Returns in DeFi Yield Farming Calculated?

Calculating returns for liquidity providers rely heavily on the following metrics.

Total Value Locked (TVL)

TVL is a parameterized measurement of crypto assets locked in DeFi lending and other markets. Tracking the total value of cryptocurrencies locked in smart contracts across various platforms provides a comprehensive performance overview. It helps participants compare the market share of different DeFi platforms and protocols. TVL demonstrates a quantifiable approach to the overall size of the DeFi and yield farming markets and is an effective method for collecting liquidity in liquidity pools.

Annual Yield Percentage (APY)

The annual rate of return is charged to borrowers and then paid to providers.

Annual Percentage Rate (APR)

The annual rate of return is imposed on capital borrowers and paid to capital providers.

The annual returns for DeFi Yield agriculture are estimated. Annual Percentage Rate (APR) and Annual Percentage Yield are essential variables for calculating yield agriculture returns (APY).

APR and APY have different effects on compounding. Reinvesting profits to obtain the highest possible returns is known as compounding. APR does not take compounding into account, whereas APY does.

DeFi must determine its metrics to calculate yield farming returns, as APR and APY are derived from legacy markets. Simple staking procedures yield up to ten percent yearly returns, whereas yield farmers can adopt complex trading strategies that yield over fifty percent annual returns.

Common Yield Farming Methods

Curve Financial Markets

With nearly $19 billion in locked-in value, the curve is the most valuable DeFi platform. The Curve Finance platform utilizes locked funds more than any other DeFi platform, thanks to its market-making algorithm, which is advantageous for both swappers and liquidity providers.

Curve provides an exhaustive directory of stablecoin pools with competitive APRs tied to fiat currency. The curve maintains high APRs that range from 1.9% (for liquid tokens) to 32%. Stablecoin collections are very secure so long as the tokens keep their peg. It is possible to avoid the temporary loss because their relative costs will not vary significantly. Curve, like all DEXs, is susceptible to temporary loss and smart contract failure.

The curve’s token, CRV, is used for Curve DAO administration.


With over $14 billion in locked-up value and a market cap of more than $3.4 billion, Aave is one of the most popular stablecoin yield farming platforms.

Aave also has its native token, AAVE. This token incentivizes network usage by providing perks such as fee reductions and voting rights.

It is common for liquidity pools to work together on yield farming. The Gemini dollar has an annual percentage yield on deposits of 6.98 percent and an annual percentage yield on borrowing of 9.69 percent, making it the most profitable stablecoin available on Aave.


Uniswap is a DEX system that enables token exchanges devoid of trust. Liquidity providers invest the equivalent of two tokens in establishing a market. Traders are subsequently able to conduct transactions against the liquidity pool. In exchange for liquidity, liquidity providers collect transaction fees from trades executed within their collection.

Due to its frictionless nature, Uniswap has become one of the most popular platforms for trustless token swaps. This is beneficial for high-yield agricultural systems. UNI, the DAO governance token of Uniswap, is it’s own.


Like Uniswap, PancakeSwap operates on the Binance Smart Chain (BSC) network instead of Ethereum. In addition, it includes a few additional gamification-related features. PancakeSwap provides:

  • BSC token exchanges.
  • Earning-interest wagering pools.
  • Non-fungible tokens (NFTs).
  • Even a gambling game in which participants predict the future price of Binance Coin is prohibited (BNB).

PancakeSwap is susceptible to the same risks as Uniswap, such as temporary loss resulting from significant price fluctuations and the failure of smart contracts. Numerous tokens in PancakeSwap pools have modest market capitalizations, which makes them susceptible to temporary loss.

CAKE is the native token of PancakeSwap that can be used on the platform and for voting on platform proposals.

DeFi Yield Agricultural Development Advantages

Easy User Interface: Numerous yield farming tools with straightforward user interfaces are available for tracking investments. They have a low learning curve. Their intuitive user interface lets users check project availability and select a cryptocurrency deposit amount.

Easy Start: Again, this is a result of software applications that are simple to use. You do not need technical knowledge because specialized instruments will perform all the work. The high interoperability of DeFi services enables rapid deployment. The primary requirements are a cryptocurrency wallet and Ethereum, which are typically sufficient.

Profit Potential: Similar to cryptocurrencies, early investors in protocols have the potential to generate significant returns. In other words, a solid return on investment attracts investors.

Interoperability: The decentralized finance industry is adaptable and interoperable, as is evident. Some automated systems move cryptocurrency from one service to another to improve investment outcomes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is yield farming profitable?

Yes. Nevertheless, it depends on how much time and money you are willing to invest in yield farming. To be effective, specific high-risk strategies require a thorough understanding of DeFi platforms, protocols, and intricate investment chains.

If you want to generate passive income without making a significant investment, try placing some of your cryptocurrencies on a time-tested and reputable platform or liquidity pool and monitoring their earnings. After establishing this foundation and gaining confidence, you can proceed to other investments or even buy tokens directly.

Is yield farming dangerous?

Before engaging in risk farming, investors must be aware of the risks involved. In DeFi, yield farming, fraud, hacking, and volatility losses are rare occurrences. The first step for anyone utilizing DeFi is researching the most dependable and thoroughly tested platforms.